Chaparral (scrub forest) is situated in California, alongside the Mediterranean Sea, and on the south coast of Australia. Annual rainfall in this biome ranges from 65 cm to 75 cm (25.6 to 29.5 in), with most rain falling in winter.
The summer is very dry and many plants are inactive in summer. The chaparral vegetation is shrub-dominated and adapted to periodic fires, with some plants producing seeds that germinate only after a hot fire. The ash left after a fire is rich in nutrients like nitrogen and fertilizes the soil, encouraging plant growth. Fire helps to renew this biome.