Biodiversity Hot Spots

Biodiversity hot spots

List of biodiversity hotspots around the world:

North and Central America

  1. California Floristic Province
  2. Madrean Pine-oak woodlands
  3. Caribbean Island
  4. Mesoamerica
  5. North American Coastal Plain

South America

  1. Cerrado
  2. Tropical Andes
  3. Atlantic Forest
  4. Chilean Winter Rainfall-Valdivian Forests
  5. Tumbes-Chocó-Magdalena


  1. Eastern Himalaya
  2. Western Ghats, India: Sri Lanka
  3. Indo-Burma, India, and Myanmar
  4. New Caledonia
  5. New Zealand
  6. Polynesia-Micronesia
  7. Japan
  8. East Melanesian Islands
  9. Philippines
  10. Sundaland
  11. Southwest Australia
  12. Eastern Australia
  13. Wallacea
  14. Caucasus
  15. Irano-Anatolian
  16. Mountains of Southwest China

Central Asia

  1. Mountains of Central Asia


  1. Mediterranean Basin


  1. Coastal Forests of Africa
  2. Eastern Afromontane
  3. Guinean Forests of West Africa
  4. Horn of Africa
  5. Madagascar and the Indian Ocean Islands
  6. The succulent Karoo
  7. Cape Floral region
  8. Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany

Currently, humanity knows 8 million species. However, scientists have estimated that the number of plant and animal species on Earth could be as high as 20 billion.

This means that most species are still unknown. countries more diverse than India are located in South America, such as Brazil, and in countries southeast of India, such as Malaysia and Indonesia. Biodiversity is now increasingly valued for its unimaginable value.

International initiatives such as the World Heritage Convention and the Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP) aim to protect and support biologically rich natural areas and conserve and restore threatened species and habitats

Brazil is not just among the 10 most biodiverse countries and one of the 12 mega-biodiverse regions in the world. It is a country with the most biodiversity on earth. Between the Amazon rainforest and the Mata Atlântica forest, the wooded, savannah-like Cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a host of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species.

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